Chopin: 24 Preludes, Op. 28 (Blechacz)
No.1 – 00:00 (Note the subtle textural shift at 00:23) No.2 – 00:37 No.3 – 02:42 (Note how carefully the detached nature of the melody is observed, as well as the emphasis on tiny harmonic changes, such as the C-natural at 2:54) No.4 – 03:37* (A marvellous rendition. Note how the surprising dynamic range matches the important harmonic shifts, the LH sotto voce, and the rubato used to lengthen the last beat of the bar when there’s a dotted quaver – semiquaver subdivision of the beat. This is an important structural element of the prelude which divides it up into its constituent sections.)
No.5 – 05:32 (Note the clarity of the voicing and the way Blechacz begins the piece.) No.6 – 06:06 (Note the crescendo – decrescendo arc of the LH) No.7 – 08:07 No.8 – 09:01* (A fantastic rendition. Perfect dynamic control (10:07 and 10:25 are representative), and some incredible textural shading (the second or so at 09:26, the LH countermelody at 10:12).) No.9 – 10:54 (Note the doubled bass at 11:54, and the sudden dynamic shift and emphasis on the LH countermelody that highlights the harmonic change at 11:23) No.10 – 12:25 No.11* – 12:58 (Another gem. Note the anti-crescendo at 13:08 leading to the beautifully tender sequence at 13:10, and the bass shading at 13:18 leading to the emphasis on the LH immediately after).
No.12 – 13:36 (Note the textural changes at 13.57) No.13 – 14:59 No.14 – 18:06 (Note the countermelodies, and how they are shaped to emphasised harmonic shifts) No.15* (Raindrop) – 18:41 (The whole thing is a study in legato and sotto voce, really.) No.16 – 23:23 No.17* – 24:30 (Superb voicing throughout. One example is the sudden emergence of a lower voice at 26:17) No.18* – 27:19 No.19 – 28:21 (Note the textural clarity.) No.20* – 29:40 (Note the brilliant decision to emphasise the inner voice at 30:43, which demonstrates an important structural feature of the prelude, viz. the close relationship between the prelude’s two apparently disparate sections: the opening theme, and the chromatic theme.)
No.21 – 31:26 (Note the legato swell of the LH, and the hushed brightness of 32:05, with the LH nearly silent) No.22 – 33:08 No.23* – 33:46 (Note the legatos and the subtle pedalling to ensure no trills are smudged.) No.24* — 34:42 (Note yet again the melodic clarity and the entrance of the un poco espressivo at 35:55).
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Rafal Blechacz – Biography
Rafał Blechacz was born in the small town of Nakło nad Notecią in northern Poland in June 1985. He showed early signs of musical talent and began piano lessons at the age of five. Having first enrolled at the Arthur Rubinstein State Music School in Bydgoszcz, he progressed to study at the city’s Feliks Nowowiejski Academy of Music, graduating in May 2007 from Katarzyna Popowa-Zydroń’s piano class. Blechacz’s outstanding technical and artistic attributes secured a sequence of competition successes, beginning in 2002 with second prize at the Arthur Rubinstein International Competition for Young Pianists in Bydgoszcz, continuing the following year with joint first prize at the Hamamatsu International Piano Competition, and culminating in outright victory at the 2005 International Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw, where he became the first Polish musician to receive the top prize since Krystian Zimerman thirty years earlier.
The eloquence and intensity of Blechacz’s Chopin Competition performances, delivered within months of his twentieth birthday, were rewarded not only with the winner’s medal but also with a clean sweep of the event’s four special prizes and the Audience Award. He signed an exclusive contract with Deutsche Grammophon in May 2006, following Zimerman to become the second Polish pianist to join the yellow label’s international roster of artists.
The new relationship was launched in October 2007 with Blechacz’s debut solo album, a coupling of Chopin’s complete Preludes and two Nocturnes op.62. The release prompted BBC Music Magazine to describe Blechacz as a “superlative pianist but an even finer musician” and went on to win Echo Klassik and Diapason d’Or Awards. His second album, a recital of piano sonatas by Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven released in October 2008, was praised by Fanfare for its “compelling and remarkably mature” artistry.Over the past decade Blechacz has reinforced his position among the great interpreters of Chopin.
His schedule of past performances and Deutsche Grammophon discography are rich in works by his fellow countryman, complete with critically acclaimed albums devoted to the composer’s piano concertos and polonaises. His account of the two piano concertos, made for the yellow label with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and Jerzy Semkow, was released in late 2009 to herald the upcoming bicentenary of Chopin’s birth. The album won a 2010 Preis der Deutschen Schallplattenkritik and two Fryderyks, Poland’s equivalent of the Grammy Awards.Blechacz’s repertoire choices also reflect his passion for the music of, among others, J.S. Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Debussy, Liszt, Mozart, Schumann and Szymanowski.
His 2012 album of works by Debussy and Szymanowski was awarded an Echo Klassik Award in the category “Solo Recording of the Year (20th-/21st-century)/Piano”. His sixth Deutsche Grammophon album, released in February 2017, was devoted to works by Bach, the Partitas Nos.1 & 3 and Italian Concerto among them. He recently joined forces with Korean violinist Bomsori Kim to record a selection of works by Fauré, Debussy, Szymanowski and Chopin. Scheduled for release on 18 January 2019, this will be his debut chamber music album for Deutsche Grammophon.
In 2016 Blechacz took a sabbatical from performing to complete a doctorate in philosophy at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland. His thesis explored aspects of the metaphysics and aesthetics of music and, as he reflects, his studies have helped him “understand both the freedoms and limitations of musical interpretations”. He returned to the concert platform in January 2017, since when highlights of his busy schedule have included a recital tour of venues in Japan, China, South Korea and Taiwan (October 2017); performances of Chopin’s Piano Concerto No.2 with the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and Mirga Gražinytė-Tyla in the UK, Germany and Belgium (November 2017); and an extended series of recitals featuring repertoire by Mozart, Beethoven, Schumann and Chopin that took him back to Japan, as well as across Europe and North America (February-July 2018).
His 2018–19 season began with a recital with Bomsori Kim in Poland and has so far also included performances with the hr-Sinfonieorchester and Andrés Orozco-Estrada of Mozart’s Piano Concerto No.23 in Germany, Slovakia and Austria, and of Chopin’s First Piano Concerto in Salzburg, as well as recitals in Italy, Germany, Switzerland and the UK. In February he and Bomsori Kim will perform repertoire from their forthcoming album in South Korea, with further appearances together to follow throughout the spring in Heidelberg, Katowice, Gdansk, Kraków and Wrocław.
He will return to Mozart’s Piano Concerto No.23, this time with the Orchestre symphonique de Montréal and Kent Nagano, with concerts in Canada, Germany and Austria (February/March), and will join forces with Riccardo Minasi and the Mozarteumorchester Salzburg for performances of Chopin’s Piano Concertos Nos.1 and 2 at venues in Hungary, Germany and Austria (April).The special nature of Rafał Blechacz’s work was recognised in 2010 with the Premio Internazionale Accademia Chigiana, awarded annually by the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena to an outstanding pianist or violinist.
In 2014 he received the Gilmore Artist Award, a prestigious prize conferred every four years – “following a rigorous and confidential selection process” – in recognition of “extraordinary piano artistry”. In addition to formal prizes and awards, Blechacz has also garnered ringing endorsements from senior colleagues, with Martha Argerich, winner of the Chopin Competition in 1965, describing him as “a very honest, extraordinary and sensitive artist” and the Irish pianist and pedagogue John O’Conor as “one of the greatest artists I have ever heard in my life”.
Profound thought and feeling merge in Rafał Blechacz’s music-making to create interpretations of irresistible energy and penetrating insight. The Polish pianist’s artistry is recognised as rare by any measure – his many plaudits include being dubbed “a musician in service to the music, searching its depths, exploring its meaning and probing its possibilities” (Washington Post) – and arises from his total command of the keyboard and ability to unlock his instrument’s full expressive range.
Those qualities have supported his artistic and professional development in the years since he took first prize at the 2005 International Chopin Piano Competition. He stands today among the world’s finest pianists, in high demand for the honesty and vision he brings to performances of everything from Bach and Beethoven to Chopin and Szymanowski.
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- The Creative Development of Johann Sebastian Bach (1695-1717) Vol. I and II