Dizzy Gillespie – A Night in Tunisia (Easy Piano Solo arr. sheet music, Noten, partition, partitura)
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John Birks Gillespie, “Dizzy Gillespie”, (Cheraw, South Carolina; October 21, 1917-Englewood, New Jersey; January 6, 1993), was the youngest of nine children from a family where his father, a bricklayer by profession, played the piano in an orchestra amateur.
His first instrument was the trombone, but gave up soon given the short length of his arms, preventing him from reaching all the notes.
At the age of fourteen he began to practice with a trumpet from a neighbor, and their love for that to be the instrument where you step to the great history of jazz began in earnest to get a scholarship to study harmony and music theory at the Laurinburg Institute in North Carolina.
After settling her family in Philadelphia in 1935, he obtained a position in the orchestra of Frank Fairfax, where by that time he played the gifted trumpeter, Charlie Shavers, who shared trio in addition to an idol of their own Gillespie: Roy Eldridge.
Like so many other young people, Gillespie went to New York and there connected with the orchestra, Teddy Hill, and in a test session of the orchestra, and given his character wild, Hill got the nickname because I will never abandon him for life, and by which it would be known in the history of jazz “Dizzy” I wanted to say “crazy”·
His debut with the orchestra, Teddy Hill, was on a European tour in 1937 and there he executed his first solo in the song “King Porter Stomp” giving evidence, at that time, a great immaturity of music.
On his return to New York, the band signed a contract in the famous hall “Savoy Ballroom” and things began to get better, especially with the inclusion in the band of the drummer, Kenny Clarke.
It’s in 1939, when Dizzy has his first encounter jazz with genuine heavyweights of jazz, as the vibraphonist Lionel Hampton, alto sax, Benny Carter, and three formidable saxophones tenor: Coleman Hawkins, Ben Webster and Chu Berry.
The result was that his style caught the attention of those musicians who predicted a promising future. At the time, his boss, he was appointed manager of the celebrate club “Myntons Playhouse, which is located in the basement of the Hotel Cecil in the street 118 West Harlem. A fact that later could be a huge significance in the history of Dizzy and jazz.
Recommended by the Cuban trumpet, Mario Bauzá, Gillespie became part of the orchestra Cab Calloway where you will never be found to taste, given the style of music to the eccentric showman. But the fact that changed his life and music to Gillespie, was the first encounter with the alto sax, Charlie Parker, its real “alter ego”.
It took place in Kansas City, when both became part of the band of Earl Hines, at the beginning of 1943. There they began to produce music of great quality and with an aesthetic very close to what soon would be called bebop.
In 1944, the 52nd Street New York, had become the Mecca of jazz, and in less than two blocks away, there were nine clubs that offered music of a high standard and in addition to the Minton’s, was still in full swing, celebrating historic jam session, inspired by the group’s drummer, Kenny Clarke, the saxophonist Don Byas, the pianist, Thelonious Monk and Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker, who had been developing the new musical language.
At the time that the bebop germinated in the basements of Harlem, that was the vocalist in the orchestra, Earl Hines, Billy Eckstines, is thrown into the adventure of launching his own orchestra and becomes the first big band of the bebop. Dizzy was the musical director and in it were some of the young talents of the moment:
Charlie Parker on alto sax, the singer Sarah Vaughan, the tenor sax, Gene Ammons, the drummer, Art Blakey, etc., The orchestra Eckstine was the ideal laboratory for the boppers in search of work but soon Dizzy the left in search of adventure musical reduced. So form a quartet with bassist Oscar Petifford to fulfil the contract in the “club Onyx” and in that era, right in 1945, Gillespie was confirmed as the star of a new musical movement.
Dizzy was fixed ideas and always had between the eyebrows of the idea of forming his own band, which formed in 1946 with the help of several musicians who believed in his project. In 1947, the magazine “Metronome” was named the best player of the year, ahead of his idol, Eldridge and RCA offered a substantial contract. By that time, and given the fans of Dizzy by Caribbean rhythms, led his band for those twists and turns recording among other big successes, the famous “Butter”.
You are going to Europe to tour in 1948 and the back is assassinated in Harlem, his percussionist, Chano Pozo. Dissolved the band in 1950, and his footsteps are headed towards the studio recordings with Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, Monk and other musicians like-minded recording a series of albums magnificent.
In 1953 participates in Toronto in the well-known concert of the century at the Massey Hall alongside the great stars of bebop, Charlie Mingus included, which would record that historic session for his newly launched label “Debut”. Acts in the first festival of Newport, teaches lessons in the “Lenox Shool of Music”.
The toured with JATP of Norman Granz, is happening, and in 1956, the Department of State, entrusted with the job of acting as a musical ambassador of the U.S. to the Middle East, Greece, Yugoslavia, and finally South america in a band formed expressly for the occasion, and in which Quincy Jones and Norman Granz, help you to hold it up to the point that ever said that one band was the best they had.
The sixties and the bossa nova is also caught the attention of Dizzy that would include some topic in your repertoire. In the seventies, part of the “Giants of Jazz” star formation gathered by the producer, George Wein, for a series of tours. Its activity was declining over the years but still had time to record in 1989 an interesting duo album with the drummer, Max Roach, at a concert in Paris.
Dizzy Gillespie, died in 1993 and his death was lost to an unmatched instrumentalist with a knack superlative, got to customize a phrasing full of arabesques and supported in the that was a new approach to harmony.
From her pen have come out issues as famous as “Salt Peanuts”; “”Groovin’ High”; “Be-Bop”; “A Night in Tunisia”, and so many other extraordinary compositions that have yielded long-glory to the jazz. Dizzy Gillespie made and makes many people happy with his music.